Rare earth metals constitute a group of 17 chemical elements used in the manufacture of a variety of products such as computers, cell phones, rechargeable batteries, catalytic converters, magnets, and fluorescent lights. China has about 37% of the world’s reserves of rare-earth metals, while Brazil is second at 18% and Russia is third at 15%. Meanwhile, the U.S. has only about 1%, per the same source. The rare earth supply chain is quite complex and is partially comprised of traditional explorers, developers, and miners. The Global Supply Chain of the Rare Earths involves- Rare Earth Mining & Milling, Rare Earth Material Processing, Rare Earth Metals, Rare Earth Alloys, Rare Earth Magnets. Some metals like lithium, need processing, separation, and refinement also.